E to J
Evoke and Invoke
To evoke is to call up a sentiment or memory, e.g. The music evoked memories of her youth. Invoke means to call on a deity in prayer or appeal to someone in authority for support, and to use a law in order to achieve something, e.g. Witnesses can invoke the Fifth Amendment when questioned.
Fictional and Fictitious
Fictional is something creative like a story written for a novel or drama, e.g. The story is a fictional account of his life during the 1960´s. Fictitious is much stronger and means something invented or misleading usually with the intent to deceive, e.g. The financial accounts were dismissed as fictitious by the Inspector of Taxes.
Gamble and Gambol
Gamble means to play a game such as poker in order to win money, take a risk that may be advantageous, or engage in foolhardy behaviour, e.g. He was gambling with his health by continuing to smoke. Gambol means to jump about in a happy manner and more often used when describing animal recreational behaviour, e.g. In the Spring you can see how the lambs love to gambol about in the sunshine.
Hail and Hale
Hail is a noun and refers to frozen balls of rain falling from the sky or a number of small objects being thrown forcefully, e.g. Bonnie and Clyde went down in a hail of bullets. Hale is an adjective and is often used in the expression hale and hearty meaning in good health, e.g. For his age he is certainly hale and hearty.
Imply and Infer
Imply means to create an impression of a state of affairs or communicate something without directly saying so, e.g. What on earth are you implying?. Infer means to draw an impression of something one reads or hears, e.g. It is useful to be able to infer meaning from context when reading the texts.
Junction and Juncture
Junction is a noun which refers to a meeting of roads or railways, e.g. The service station is at the next junction. Juncture, also a noun, refers to an important or critical point in time often due to a series of events, e.g. The decision making process is at a critical juncture.